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The origin of the name plumbing comes from the Latin "plumbum" or "lead".
These are all the techniques put in place to convey water, evacuate it and sanitize it.
The exact origin of this know-how is difficult to verify, but several proofs attest to techniques developed long before our era, allowing ingenious and complex irrigations for agriculture and domestic use.
This article highlights 9 key dates in the history of plumbing.
- 3rd millennium BC: it seems that the origin of plumbing is in ancient Egypt. The Egyptians would have used copper pipes in the construction of the pyramids.
- II millennium BC: Ancient Greece worships water and the gods who protect this element. They thus create multiple piping networks to supply all the fountains present in the cities.
- 9th century BC: wells have been discovered in Israel and Cyprus from this century. The water was drawn from there using a pump or bucket system.
- 6th century BC: this would be the construction of the first aqueduct (from the Latin aquaeductus, aqua meaning water and ducere to conduct). It is located on the Greek island of Somos and is said to have been built by the architect Eupalinos. Its length is 1036 meters.
- 3rd century BC: Creation of the worm screw by Archimedes, a mathematician from Syracuse, to facilitate the pumping of water.
- 1486: invention of the tap by the Englishman George Fancell de la Roches Bourgnione.
- 1548: the plumber's profession becomes a full-fledged profession thanks to King Henry III. Previously, he was part of the corporation of roofers.
- 1592: invention of the first flush by John Harington in England.
- 1873: creation of the first shower by Merry Delabost, chief doctor of the Bonne Nouvelle prison in Rouen.
Even today, many countries do not have access to drinking water and do not have the infrastructure to supply or drain water.
A museum in Watertown near Boston in the United States is devoted to the history of plumbing: the Plumbing Museum.